ChronicAs pain becomes more chronic medications may continue to be useful, but other strategies should also be examined. Psychological care, physical therapy, blocks, surgical procedures, and implantable devices may be more useful for long-term pain problems. At this point the goal is to reduce pain and improve function. The most useful strategies can be used by the patient at home. Required attendance at a medical facility on a regular basis may be stressful and make pain worse. At-home techniques include relaxation, stress management, stretching, exercise, and use of implantable devices.
American Pain Foundation: Pain Notebook