Peer MentorA peer mentor is generally an influential, experienced individual in a certain topic or someone who is a ‘veteran’ of an experience such as a traumatic injury who can help others ‘new’ to the experience to adjust. A mentor has also been described as a trusted counselor or guide. Mentors provide support and guidance and actively help ‘new’ individuals reach their goals. Peer mentoring programs have been developed specifically for individuals coping with a variety of medical conditions and physical disabilities.
There are two types of mentoring relationships: informal and formal. Informal relationships develop on their own between two people. Formal mentoring, on the other hand, refers to assigned relationships, often associated with organizational mentoring programs. In well-designed formal mentoring programs, there are program goals, schedules, training (for mentors and mentorees), and evaluation.